@HeadNodShy: Oops, I should have mentioned that. I'm using a Galaxy Nexus. I thought I remembered seeing that Android didn't have Facebook integration, but it still comes up as a type of account I can sync. It's just that nothing happens when I click on the button.
And thanks for the link. I guess the next time I have a free day I'll need to go through and re-upload everyone's pictures again. Or, I can just try to not let the low-res pictures bother me...
@PatVB: I remember Google and Facebook having a spat over account syncing. I'm surprised you do see the option cause I don't on my Nexus S but I do on my Nexus One. Are you trying to sync from the Facebook app or the account settings page?
@PatVB: Make sure you have the Facebook App installed and when you do the walkthrough it should ask you to do an account sync (full, partial or none). That could be the new way.
Facebook sync was removed from Android because Google found that the way that the Facebook app inserted contact's into Contacts was disingenuous and created a false sense of data portability. If you lost your facebook account, or removed the facebook app, the contacts would not remain on the phone. Because of Facebook's refusal to sync the actual contacts to your phone (and thus Google's servers), Google pulled Facebook contact syncing.